Stainless steel is one of the most popular and preferred materials because of its several benefits and availability in a wide range to suit various applications successfully. The most important feature is that it is a versatile material and is available in varied grades to suit the distinct needs of any application. The stainless steel industry is flourishing with many established and progressive stainless steel suppliers in India. Indian suppliers are not only fulfilling the demand of the nation but are supplying ss products to fulfil the needs of other countries as well. Let us explore various categories and grades of stainless steel to enhance knowledge and to get aware to select the one to suit the need of your project successfully. Here we go!!
Stainless steel is an alloy and is categorised into different grades and families as per the composition, structure, and properties of the percentage of different elements. Here are some:
It is one of the most widely used categories of stainless steel. Loaded with high chromium content, it is highly effective in resisting corrosion. It has non-magnetic properties and is the best solution for most of the applications. It comes in different grades, like AISI 301, AISI 302, AISI 303, AISI 304, AISI 316. Amongst these AISI 304 is the most commonly used grade being exceptionally corrosion-resistant, non-magnetic, highly tensile, and temperature resistant. It also has a high operating temperature of about 870 degree Celsius.
Ferritic Stainless Steel
As the name depicts this category possesses magnetic properties and offers corrosion resistance. It has less nickel content and is cost-effective as compared to other alternatives. It can withstand high temperatures and is very strong and durable. It comes in different grades like AISI 430, AISI 405, AISI 409, AISI 420, AISI 444, etc. If you compare different grades, you will come to know that 405 is not as powerful as 430 to resist corrosion. Moreover, it will not get so hard after welding procedures, so it will be suitable for a mildly corrosive environment. Similarly, 444 grade is an ideal solution for roofing, and coating in marine environment applications as it contains molybdenum.
Martensitic stainless steel
It is popular for its strength and hardness, as it hardens while exposed to heat treatment. It is available in different grades like grade 410, and grade 420. This category is best suited for surgical instruments, cutlery, and other industrial applications which need strong and durable stainless steel. These may be less corrosion resistant as compared to Austenitic or ferritic but provide enough hardness.
To conclude, here we have mentioned some of the grades but stainless steel products are available in a wide range of varieties. You should be very careful while selecting the right kind of product for your specific project needs. You may avail of expert advice from stainless steel products suppliers like Viraj. The company is a leading manufacturer and exporter of stainless steel products to various countries across the globe. The company ensures the excellent quality of all its products with in-house state-of-the-art facilities. The company offers a large portfolio of products to choose from which starts from small products such as nuts, wing nuts, screws, etc. to commercial use products like steel plates, angles, ss sheets, bars, coils, rods, etc. Visit our website to explore a range of stainless steel products now!