GMP certification

GMP Certification Procedure in India: A Step-by-Step Guide

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Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) are a set of quality standards that ensure the consistent production of high-quality products. GMP certification is a process by which a third-party certification body (CB) assesses a manufacturing facility’s compliance with GMP requirements. GMP certification is important in India because it helps to ensure the quality and safety of products manufactured in the country.

Benefits of GMP certification

There are many benefits to GMP certification, including:

  • Improved product quality: GMP certification helps to ensure that products are manufactured consistently to a high standard of quality.
  • Reduced risk of product recalls: GMP certification helps to reduce the risk of product recalls due to quality or safety issues.
  • Increased customer confidence: GMP certification demonstrates to customers that a manufacturing facility is committed to producing high-quality products.
  • Improved market access: GMP certification is required to market pharmaceutical products in many countries around the world.

Overview of the GMP certification procedure in India

gmp certification

The GMP certification procedure in India is a rigorous process that involves the following steps:

  1. Select a certification body (CB): The first step is to select a CB that is accredited by the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) to assess compliance with GMP requirements. A list of accredited CBs can be found on the NABL website.
  2. Submit an application to the CB: Once a CB has been selected, the manufacturing facility must submit an application for GMP certification. The application must include detailed information about the facility, its products, and its GMP systems.
  3. Prepare for the GMP assessment: Once the application has been approved, the CB will schedule a GMP assessment of the manufacturing facility. The purpose of the assessment is to verify that the facility complies with all applicable GMP requirements. During the assessment, the CB auditors will review documentation, procedures, and facilities.
  4. Undergo the GMP assessment: The GMP assessment typically takes two to five days, depending on the size and complexity of the manufacturing facility. The CB auditors will interview staff, observe operations, and collect samples for testing.
  5. Receive your GMP certificate: If the manufacturing facility successfully passes the GMP assessment, the CB will issue a GMP certificate. The certificate is valid for three years, after which the facility must undergo another GMP assessment to maintain its certification.

Elaboration on each step of the GMP Certification Procedure:

Step 1: Select a certification body (CB)

When selecting a CB, it is important to consider the following factors:

  • Accreditation: The CB must be accredited by NABL to assess compliance with GMP requirements.
  • Experience: The CB should have experience in certifying manufacturing facilities in the relevant industry sector.
  • Expertise: The CB should have auditors with the necessary expertise to assess the compliance of manufacturing facilities with GMP requirements.

Step 2: Submit an application to the CB

The application for GMP certification must include the following documentation:

  • General information about the manufacturing facility, such as its name, address, and contact information.
  • Information about the facility’s products, such as the types of products it manufactures and the markets it serves.
  • Information about the facility’s GMP systems, such as its procedures for quality assurance, quality control, and production.

The applicant must also pay a fee to the CB. The fee varies depending on the size and complexity of the manufacturing facility.

Step 3: Prepare for the GMP assessment

The manufacturing facility can prepare for the GMP assessment by conducting a self-assessment of its compliance with GMP requirements. The self-assessment should identify any areas where the facility needs to improve. The facility should also implement corrective actions to address any non-conformities.

The facility should also gather documentation to support its compliance with GMP requirements. This documentation may include:

  • Standard operating procedures (SOPs)
  • Quality control records
  • Training records
  • Maintenance records
  • Calibration records

Step 4: Undergo the GMP assessment

During the GMP assessment, the CB auditors will review the following:

  • Documentation: The auditors will review the facility’s GMP documentation to ensure that it is complete and accurate.
  • Procedures: The auditors will observe staff performing GMP procedures to ensure that they are being followed correctly.
  • Facilities: The auditors will inspect the facility’s premises and equipment to ensure that they meet GMP requirements.

The auditors will also interview staff to assess their understanding of GMP requirements and their role in ensuring compliance.

Step 5: Receive your GMP certificate

If the manufacturing facility successfully passes the GMP assessment, the CB will issue a GMP certificate only after the facility has implemented any corrective actions that were identified during the assessment.

Once the corrective actions have been implemented and verified by the CB, the CB will issue a GMP certificate. The certificate will be valid for three years, after which the facility must undergo another GMP assessment to maintain its certification.

Conditions for receiving GMP certification:

In order to receive GMP certification, a manufacturing facility must meet all of the applicable GMP requirements. These requirements are set out in the GMP guidelines and standards published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other regulatory authorities.

The specific GMP requirements that a manufacturing facility must meet will vary depending on the industry sector in which it operates. For example, the GMP requirements for pharmaceutical manufacturing are different from the GMP requirements for food manufacturing.

Step 6: Maintain your GMP certification

To maintain GMP certification, manufacturing facilities must undergo periodic surveillance audits by the CB. Surveillance audits are conducted to ensure that the facility continues to comply with GMP requirements.

During a surveillance audit, the CB auditors will review the facility’s documentation, procedures, and facilities. They may also interview staff and collect samples for testing.

If the manufacturing facility is found to be non-compliant with any GMP requirements, the CB will issue a corrective action plan. The facility must implement the corrective actions within a specified timeframe.

Tips for a successful GMP certification process

Here are some tips for a successful GMP certification process:

  • Start early: It takes time to prepare for and undergo a GMP assessment. It is important to start the process early to give yourself enough time to implement any necessary corrective actions.
  • Get everyone involved: GMP certification is a team effort. Everyone at the manufacturing facility, from the top management to the front-line workers, needs to be involved in the process.
  • Use a consultant: A GMP consultant can help you to prepare for the GMP assessment and ensure that your facility meets all of the applicable requirements.
  • Be transparent: Be open and honest with the CB auditors. If you have any areas where you need to improve, don’t try to hide them. The auditors are there to help you, not to penalize you.


GMP certification is an important step that manufacturing facilities can take to ensure the quality and safety of their products. The GMP certification procedure in India is rigorous, but it is essential for businesses that want to produce high-quality products and meet the expectations of their customers.

If you are a manufacturing business owner in India, I encourage you to consider getting GMP certification. It is an investment that will pay off in the long run.

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